Languages of the World

Ethnologue, a catalogue of over 7,000 living languages of the world, presents some of its most detailed data on languages on a country-by-country comparison. This database contains a selection of the world's countries with information on the number of living languages, the number of speakers, its diversity index and more. 

Living Languages of the World
Page Title
Total number of speakers
Diversity index
Indigenous living languages
Major language family
Living languages
Location
Afghanistan22,964,8000.7940Indo-European41Afghanistan
Albania2,801,7860.5038Indo-European11Albania
Algeria33,135,6000.3618Afro-Asiatic21Algeria
Angola16,070,2600.77837Niger-Congo37Angola
Armenia3,361,2300.1257Indo-European11Armenia
Austria8,372,0700.12411Indo-European21Austria
Azerbaijan8,400,7000.45717Indo-European37Azerbaijan
Bahrain557,6000.6634Afro-Asiatic12Bahrain
Bangladesh138,218,2200.39541Indo-EuropeanSino-Tibetan45Bangladesh
Belarus9,463,6000.4472Indo-European11Belarus
Belgium12,754,7000.69710Indo-European30Belgium
Benin7,234,7000.92955Niger-Congo56Benin
Bhutan712,1000.85123Sino-Tibetan33Bhutan
Bosnia and Herzegovina2,358,0000.6244Indo-European8Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana1,542,1200.50628Niger-Congo38Botswana
Brazil192,700,3680.058216Indo-European229Brazil
Brunei345,1950.5915Austronesian17Brunei
Bulgaria8,007,8400.22511Indo-European18Bulgaria
Burkina Faso10,755,8300.76270Niger-Congo70Burkina Faso
Burundi10,009,4600.0023Niger-Congo4Burundi
Cambodia13,728,3600.11623Austronesian28Cambodia
Cameroon10,171,3760.974280Afro-AsiaticNiger-Congo281Cameroon
Canada32,949,6010.60389Indo-European174Canada
Central African Republic3,488,1430.95971Niger-Congo82Central African Republic
Chad6,655,6590.945131Afro-AsiaticNiger-Congo131Chad
Chile15,337,6130.04310Austronesian16Chile
China1,214,365,2380.512297AustronesianIndo-EuropeanSino-Tibetan300China
China–Taiwan22,093,6980.48921Austronesian27Taiwan
Comoros593,6000.5456Niger-Congo6Comoros
Congo2,759,3100.8162Niger-Congo65Congo
Cook Islands14,7500.2085Austronesian5Cook Islands
Côte d’Ivoire11,421,2900.91981Niger-Congo98Côte d’Ivoire
Croatia4,718,6800.20515Indo-European22Croatia
Cuba11,203,5000.0013Niger-Congo5Cuba
Cyprus1,281,0400.2444Afro-Asiatic6Cyprus
Czech Republic10,938,7000.09610Indo-European18Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo39,872,0300.947210Niger-Congo212Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark5,658,9000.0967Indo-European21Denmark
East Timor1,033,5060.81719AustronesianTrans-New Guinea19East Timor
Egypt77,578,5000.48112Afro-Asiatic20Egypt
Equatorial Guinea699,0390.28414Niger-Congo14Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea4,542,8000.62815Afro-Asiatic20Eritrea
Ethiopia65,683,9800.85286Afro-Asiatic89Ethiopia
Fiji810,1000.60810AustronesianIndo-European21Fiji
Finland5,473,9100.12912Indo-European20Finland
France67,045,4050.19823Indo-European62France
French Polynesia259,1600.4689Austronesian11French Polynesia
Gabon1,074,3600.84642Niger-Congo42Gabon
Gambia1,351,8900.77211Niger-Congo24Gambia
Georgia6,185,7000.58219Afro-Asiatic28Georgia, Europe
Germany89,137,2500.37827Indo-European66Germany
Ghana25,132,5060.83581Niger-Congo85Ghana
Greece11,474,0800.12916Indo-European25Greece
Guam151,0000.6552Austronesian9Guam
Guinea8,227,6000.75337Niger-Congo39Guinea
Guinea-Bissau1,698,7400.86722Niger-Congo27Guinea-Bissau
Iceland301,0000.0072Indo-European3Iceland
India1,078,151,3210.914447Indo-EuropeanSino-Tibetan454India
Indonesia221,398,2860.816706AustronesianTrans-New Guinea707Indonesia
Iran89,585,0200.7176Afro-AsiaticIndo-European80Iran
Iraq26,117,8200.73223Afro-AsiaticIndo-European27Iraq
Ireland4,445,0000.0765Indo-European6Ireland
Isle of Man85,00002Indo-European2Isle of Man
Israel8,702,1750.66735Afro-AsiaticIndo-European51Israel
Italy80,377,7300.47135Indo-European43Italy
Jersey64,1000.1362Indo-European3Jersey
Jordan5,084,2100.49610Afro-Asiatic16Jordan
Kenya37,135,2080.92767Afro-AsiaticNiger-Congo72Kenya
Kiribati103,9900.0192Austronesian3Kiribati
Kuwait1,749,4000.6053Afro-Asiatic7Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan5,375,9900.4635Sino-Tibetan33Kyrgyzstan
Laos5,690,5940.69185Sino-Tibetan91Laos
Latvia2,826,7010.6297Indo-European14Latvia
Lesotho2,079,0000.265Niger-Congo6Lesotho
Liberia3,281,6800.89931Niger-Congo32Liberia
Libya6,245,4700.5599Afro-Asiatic31Libya
Lithuania3,532,6600.3568Indo-European14Lithuania
Luxembourg447,6000.5893Indo-European6Luxembourg
Macedonia2,004,5500.48710Indo-European11Macedonia
Madagascar17,747,0000.78114Austronesian20Madagascar
Malawi13,404,5000.66816Niger-Congo23Malawi
Malaysia24,355,5050.761138Austronesian146Malaysia
Maldives331,0002Indo-European2Maldives
Mali12,376,5900.86466Afro-AsiaticNiger-Congo71Mali
Malta418,3100.1163Afro-Asiatic5Malta
Marshall Islands43,9002Austronesian2Marshall Islands
Mauritania3,214,2000.257Afro-Asiatic9Mauritania
Mayotte185,8000.6223AustronesianNiger-Congo4Mayotte
Micronesia116,2600.76818Austronesian19Micronesia
Morocco26,713,9200.47414Afro-Asiatic14Morocco
Mozambique20,620,3000.93643Niger-Congo49Mozambique
Myanmar46,528,9050.519117AustronesianIndo-EuropeanSino-Tibetan117Myanmar
Namibia2,152,0900.81628Niger-Congo36Namibia
Nauru10,0100.5963Austronesian9Nauru Island
Nepal26,593,2000.755120Indo-EuropeanSino-Tibetan125Nepal
Netherlands18,847,6200.30215Indo-European41Netherlands
New Caledonia143,8000.75338Austronesian40New Caledonia
New Zealand4,508,0300.284Austronesian25New Zealand
Niger10,010,9000.6421Afro-AsiaticNiger-Congo21Niger
Nigeria104,853,6050.892520Afro-AsiaticNiger-Congo526Nigeria
Niue2,1080.0712Austronesian3Niue Island
Northern Mariana Islands26,6800.6354Austronesian6Northern Mariana Islands
Norway4,805,6600.0679Indo-European16Norway
Oman1,578,4000.70216Afro-AsiaticIndo-European19Oman
Pakistan158,471,4600.80272Indo-EuropeanSino-Tibetan77Pakistan
Palau15,6820.1085Austronesian5Palau Island
Palestine1,812,0000.2086Afro-Asiatic8Palestine
Papua New Guinea4,122,2780.988839AustronesianTrans-New Guinea839Papua New Guinea
Peru29,669,0860.34193Indo-European94Peru
Philippines72,208,1220.843182Austronesian193Philippines
Poland37,852,9100.06517Indo-European22Poland
Portugal10,309,1400.05910Indo-European11Portugal
Romania21,863,0000.16723Indo-European25Romania
Russian Federation158,381,4200.251105Indo-European140Russian Federation
Rwanda6,503,0000.0043Niger-Congo5Rwanda
Samoa199,2000.0022Austronesian2Samoa
Saudi Arabia16,440,7200.6265Afro-Asiatic20Saudi Arabia
Senegal10,795,6200.78438Niger-Congo48Senegal
Serbia9,644,6600.49815Indo-European20Serbia
Sierra Leone5,379,5150.84425Niger-Congo27Sierra Leone
Slovakia5,466,0800.23510Indo-European13Slovakia
Slovenia2,091,7200.1618Indo-European10Slovenia
Solomon Islands379,9230.96871Austronesian71Solomon Islands
Somalia8,710,6590.40413Afro-AsiaticNiger-Congo14Somalia
South Africa52,302,3990.87728Indo-EuropeanNiger-Congo44South Africa
South Sudan4,444,6500.92968Niger-Congo68South Sudan
Spain45,419,4100.27615Indo-European22Spain
Sri Lanka19,326,0300.3197Indo-European7Sri Lanka
Sudan18,861,6000.36376Afro-AsiaticNiger-Congo76Sudan
Suriname629,4850.78819AustronesianIndo-European22Suriname
Swaziland1,105,9000.2095Niger-Congo7Swaziland
Sweden9,621,8900.15514Indo-European24Sweden
Switzerland8,473,2300.65812Indo-European23Switzerland
Syria13,170,0000.52716Afro-Asiatic22Syria
Tajikistan7,554,2400.27213Afro-AsiaticIndo-European32Tajikistan
Tanzania43,282,6900.857125Afro-AsiaticNiger-Congo126Tanzania
Thailand51,695,5830.7474AustronesianSino-Tibetan86Thailand
Togo4,889,3800.90543Niger-Congo46Togo
Tokelau1,4500.0542Austronesian2Tokelau
Tonga97,0370.0153Austronesian5Tonga
Tunisia10,897,7000.0186Afro-Asiatic10Tunisia
Turkey87,613,2700.39435Afro-AsiaticIndo-European47Turkey
Tuvalu10,8700.1473Austronesian3Tuvalu Island
Uganda23,171,2700.92541Niger-Congo43Uganda
Ukraine43,668,2160.42624Indo-European42Ukraine
United Arab Emirates5,648,8100.7077Afro-Asiatic34United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom60,251,9000.14813Indo-European56United Kingdom
United States278,895,2780.334216AustronesianIndo-European422United States
Uzbekistan29,045,8930.449Afro-Asiatic39Uzbekistan
Vanuatu191,6910.973110Austronesian116Vanuatu
Vatican State1,0002Indo-European2Vatican State
Venezuela26,879,8650.04344Indo-European50Venezuela
Viet Nam76,935,3700.267108AustronesianSino-Tibetan111Viet Nam
Wallis and Futuna13,3400.4073Austronesian3Wallis and Futuna
Yemen15,700,0000.57810Afro-Asiatic14Yemen
Zambia11,433,5700.8346Niger-Congo55Zambia
Zimbabwe15,992,4700.53521Niger-Congo23Zimbabwe

Source: Ethnologue.

Countries by major language family


Countries with highest percentage of non-indigenous languages


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